Travel Information

About India

India officially known as the Republic of India is in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; Bhutan, China and Nepal to the northeast; Bangladesh and Burma to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.


India is the home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four of the world's major religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism—originated here, whereas Zoroastrianism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the 1st millennium CE and also helped shape the region's diverse culture.


The Indian economy is the world's tenth largest economy by nominal GDP and fourth largest economy by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India has become one of the fastest growing major economies, and is considered a newly industrialized country; however, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, illiteracy, corruption and inadequate public health. A nuclear weapons state and a regional power, it has the third-largest standing army in the world and ranks tenth in military expenditure among nations.


India is a federal constitutional republic with a parliamentary democracy consisting of 28 states and 7 union territories. India is a pluralistic, multilingual, and multiethnic society. It is also home to a diversity of wildlifein a variety of protected habitats.




India experiences main three seasons a year; Summer, Monsoon and Winter each of which can vary in duration from north to south.


The summer starts to build up on India's northern plains from end of February, and gradually hots up by April or May and is at its peak in June. In central India temperatures of 45°C and above are commonplace. Even South India also becomes uncomfortable during summer season.


The monsoon arrives in India around 1 June in the extreme south and later sweeping north to cover the whole country by early July. The season as well as the phenomenon that causes it is called the monsoon. There are two of


them, the Southwest and the Northeast, both named after the directions the winds come from.


Around October the climate starts becoming cooler and most of the northern cities become cool at night in December. In the far south, the temperatures are comfortably warm rather than hot, since it never gets cool there. November to January is the winter season.